Hydrogen (H₂) is a molecule that makes up 98% of the known universe, and it is the third most abundant element on the Earth’s surface. Hydrogen’s boiling point is -252.9°C, and its melting point is -259.1°C. It is the second coldest known fluid, next to helium. It is the lightest of all the gases; Earth’s gravity is not strong enough to hold it in its atmosphere. Therefore, when Hydrogen gas is released, it will rise up and eventually escape into space. Hydrogen is a component of Water, minerals, and acids. It makes up a fundamental part of all hydrocarbons and organic substances. Next to helium, it is the coldest known fluid. Hydrogen is valued for its reactive and protective properties.
Hydrogen and Oxygen are produced using the principle of Water electrolysis. Hydrogen and Oxygen, the two components of Water (H2O), are separated by passing a high electrical current through an electrolyte. Each gas purified in its own separate circuit is then pumped into the cylinders. We also use a process called Steam-Methane Reforming (SMR) to produce Hydrogen. This process, by the use of an external heat source, heats tubes in which a catalyst reaction takes place. The reaction separates natural gas into two components, Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide.